Creating a versatile space that meets diverse human needs in a single environment is becoming increasingly crucial. As people spend more time at home, it is essential that the space is able to encompass the social area of the home, the productive area, and the relaxation area. With this in mind, the use of different types and sources of lighting is indispensable.
In this article we will explore the key role of lighting in residential interior design projects, looking at the types of lighting best suited for this type of environment.
Goals of residential lighting
In residential lighting projects, the need to create a comfortable environment that meets the demands of the customer is even greater. Not only because the space can perform multiple functions, but also because it is an environment where people seek to relax, enjoying the space.
Interior design professionals and architects should consider some best practices when planning a lighting project for homes, such as:
– Create a comfortable and welcoming space while preserving the functionality of the project.
– Consider the natural circulation of the space and how movement occurs between different areas of the project.
– Design a flexible lighting scheme, taking into account natural lighting throughout the day.
– Highlight key points of the space and the architecture of the project.
– Combine various types of lighting to differentiate areas and establish a unique atmosphere for each.
Types of Residential Lighting
In residential projects, the “one size fits all” approach is not acceptable. Each area of the project has specific criteria and needs that must be met. However, it is equally important to ensure a certain flexibility between the elements to create a cohesive and balanced environment. In this sense, opting for minimalist and versatile lighting pieces is the best choice.
A way to balance the lighting in a residential space is to use different types of lighting.
Generally, four types of lighting are applied in interior design for homes:
This type of lighting is intended to guide the audience within the space and is directed toward less specific tasks.
Ambiance lighting ensures that the space is used according to its primary function by providing an even flow of light throughout the area. Although it is the main source of lighting in the project, it is important to supplement it with other sources of light.
Essential for ensuring the functionality and purpose of the space, task lighting, as the name implies, is used to illuminate areas intended for performing specific tasks that require a greater kind of attention. This type of lighting is often used in corporate spaces and office areas, along with general lighting.
Accent lighting is primarily intended to enhance the design and architecture of the space, while also highlighting key elements present in the project. This will create visual interest in the environment and accentuate the sense of depth of the project.
This lighting model is direct and concentrated and the light flux emitted should be more intense and precise when compared to general lighting.
As a rule, wall-mounted luminaires or adjustable spotlights are the most commonly used because of their shape, which makes it easy to direct the light.
Besides its functionality, decorative lighting serves mainly two purposes: to add an extra layer to the interior design and to complement the space as a design element.
In this case, the light flux acts only as a secondary element, while the main point is not so much the technical part of the luminaire, but rather its aesthetics and design. Integrating this type of lighting into a residential project not only reinforces the decorative style, but also reflects the personality of the end client.
Thus, combining different types of lighting in a residential interior architecture project makes the process of achieving the different purposes and environments that the project requires simpler and more accessible.